A plausible explanation suggests that women with high risk pregnancies are more likely to stay at home to minimize themselves or their foetuses from being infected with COVID-19 when compared to women with low risk pregnancies. Table2 and Table3 shows the distribution of participants’ attitude (Q11–17), precaution practices (Q18–21) and perceptions (Q22–34) towards COVID-19 in pregnancy. One hundred twenty-four women (74%) were worried and very worried about being infected with COVID-19 in pregnancy . Seventy-seven (46%) women were unsure if pregnant women infected with COVID-19 are more likely to miscarry or go into pre-term labour . Seventy-eight (47%) women think that there is high risk of COVID-19 infection to their baby at the time of delivery if they were diagnosed with COVID-19 and eighty-nine (53%) women would choose having a caesarean section over a vaginal delivery if they were diagnosed with COVID-19 . After delivery, fifty-eight (35%) women preferred to breast feed if they were diagnosed with COVID-19 . These questions did not show any association in relation to socio-demographic factors .
On top of this, Herry added that SGX Group is committed to helping evolve the sustainable investing ecosystem by going beyond low carbon products and into climate action solutions that are “forward-looking, and built on methodologies backed by science”. Lastly, as an exchange, it also means bringing together more participants in the investing ecosystem, partnering with the likes of Temasek, GIC, and Bloomberg because the journey to net zero cannot be achieved alone. There is wider acceptance that both climate adaptation and managing transition risks will be important for governments and firms. The transition towards greater energy and food security have come into sharper focus in recent years due to rising climate change-related physical risks. Program participants will benefit from learning opportunities through networking and mentoring sessions, workshops, and other activities that facilitate partnerships between companies for in-market expansion. These engagements will enable cross-pollination of ideas and provide greater support for women entrepreneurs exploring business opportunities overseas. 6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services, by urban/rural.
However, logistical issues can arise from the transfer of patients in hospital to labour ward or the availability of operating theatre to perform a caesarean section with negative pressure to minimize the risk of transmission. Hence, clinicians should counsel women on the appropriate mode of delivery as there is a lack of data and uncertainty surrounding the risk of perinatal transmission during vaginal deliveries. To the best of our knowledge, our study is hitherto the first study performed in a South East Asian population of pregnant women. Factors like race, religion, education background and employment status can influence women’s attitude, practice and perception especially in an affluent country like Singapore. Our survey showed that Malay pregnant women are likely to practice safe distancing and sanitise their hands at a higher frequency compared to Chinese to minimise the spread of COVID-19. In addition, women attending ‘high-risk’ clinics are more likely to stay at home compared to women attending ‘general clinics’.
- At Temasek, Franziska shared a few additional ways they champion sustainable investing, one of which is through building powerful alliances within the industry to accelerate change.
- In our study, 46% of pregnant women believed they are more likely to go into pre-term labour when infected with COVID-19.
- Thus, establishing public awareness of COVID-19 using an online survey is easily achieved in a developed country like Singapore using information technology for disseminating and receiving information on social media.
- It has been assumed that because girls and boys are given equal opportunities in education, there are no important gender issues in the sphere of education.
Responses to the questions were rated in different scales, 1) Yes, No, Not Sure, or 2) Not often, Occasionally, Often, Very often, or 3) Never, Rarely, Sometimes, Usually, Always. The different types of response scales were determined based on the forms and appropriateness of questions asked. Respondents did not receive any incentive to complete the survey and standard of care was not affected if they did not participate in the online survey. The electronic data were compiled and saved on a secured website that was password protected to access the data with no identifiable patient information available. Pregnancy itself poses logistical challenges and conundrums for obstetricians managing pregnant women with suspected or diagnosed with COVID-19.
At the same time, issues of subject choice and sex-differentiated curriculum as well as the embedding of gender ideology in curricular materials and school disciplinary codes are also examined in the light of how the concept of femininity is constructed in the school curriculum. Each year the Ministry of Education in Singapore publishes a report titled Education Statistics reed about singapore women at https://thegirlcanwrite.net/singapore-women/ Digest, which provides information on gender representation of students admitted, enrolled, and graduated from engineering and engineering sciences across various higher education institutions in Singapore.
The datasets used during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request. The steps that GIC, Temasek and SGX Group are taking highlight only a portion but important part of Asia’s unique contribution to the climate change conversation. BWBN aims to hold this conversation in other network chapters in Asia-Pacific later this year.
Circles are small groups of women who come together regularly to support each other. 7.1.2 Proportion of population with primary reliance on clean fuels and technology. 1.3.1 Proportion of population above statutory pensionable age receiving a pension.
Population, female (% of total population) – Singapore
Most cases of COVID-19 have evidence of human-to-human transmission where the virus appears to spread through respiratory, fomite or faecal methods . The likelihood of vertical transmission is low based on the United Kingdom Obstetric Surveillance System interim study where six babies (2.5%) had a positive nasopharyngeal swab for SARS-CoV-2 within 12 h of birth in severely affected hospitalised women .
5.c.1 Proportion of countries with systems to track and make public allocations for gender equality and women’s empowerment. 5.2.1 Proportion of ever-partnered women and girls subjected to physical and/or sexual violence by a current or former intimate partner in the previous 12 months. With regard to sexuality, BBC News reported in 2001 that Singaporean women have a more open attitude about sexual intimacy in Asia. The study reflected that 18% of the Singaporean women interviewed are “most likely to initiate” sexual activity with their personal and intimate partners. R.W.K.L acquired the data, contributed to the analysis and drafting of the manuscript. S.L.L contributed to the analysis and interpretation of data, and drafting the manuscript. L contributed to the design of study, acquiring data and revising the manuscript.
In our study, only 35% of pregnant women will choose to breast feed if they were diagnosed with COVID-19. There is also limited data to guide the postnatal management of babies of mothers who tested positive for COVID-19 in the third trimester of pregnancy. Currently, possibility of infection from breast milk remain uncertain although there is recent evidence to suggest a small risk of transmission through breast feeding . As breast feeding requires close contact, direct breast feeding may be of concern in infected mothers. Hence, infected mothers should be advised to wear surgical masks, cleaning their breast before expression via breast pumps to bottle feed their neonates to reduce the risk of neonatal transmission.